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¿Como crear un nuevo idioma? – Los conlangs @Linguriosa​

No one knows exactly how we started to speak or what the first language was, but we do know that languages ​​gradually evolved to what they are now. But there are other languages: artificial languages ​​created for various purposes. Even you could build a new language! Join us to discover…

Is it possible to invent a language? A language is the physical manifestation of the human ability to communicate and is expressed in a system of signs, spoken, written or even gestures. Language is also called “language”. But what does it take to build a new language? (Sighing)

If only we knew an expert in languages ​​to help us! Hello, good afternoon! Elena! Good afternoon in Spain, good morning in Latin America! Can you tell us what are the parts of the tongue? Well, the tongue is an organ made up of eight muscles. The upper part is covered

With the oral mucosa, which is the one with the taste buds…. No! We’re not talking about that kind of language! I think that in order for you to better integrate into the video, we are going to turn you into a drawing. Done! [L01] Wow, how cool! Now yes, Xavier!

Every language has two essential components: a vocabulary, that is, all the terms used in it, and a grammar, which tells how they sound, how they are formed, and how those words can be combined to make meaningful sentences. So, to invent a language, you simply have to create a vocabulary and a grammar

. Easy! No? In other words, it is not just about making a series of signs to replace the alphabet (although it could be very useful for espionage in times of war). Tafampofocofo bafastafa cofon hafablafar afisifi: “talk with the efe” is a form of gibberish or

Secret language play similar to English “pig Latin” but not really a language. [J05] But before I tell you how to make your own, let’s get to know some of the most famous conlangs, which are classified, according to their purpose, into three types: Philosophical conlangs were created with the

Idea of ​​exploring or implementing some principle or idea. The first constructed language in history dates back to the Middle Ages and is called the lingua ignota, or unknown language. It was created by Saint Hildegard of Bingen, a German philosopher and scientist

Of the Twelfth Century. What she created it for remains a mystery, but it is thought that it served as a secret language and she said that it sprang from divine inspiration. It has a glossary of about a thousand words, possibly derived from Latin and from a language lost since the

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Thirteenth Century: the Romance language of the Moselle (where, by the way, the best white wine in the world is produced… hahaha this is animated laughter) Another mystical language it is the Enochian, which was used by occultists John Dee and Edward Kelley in the Sixteenth Century. But they

Did not say that it was a constructed language, but that it was the language spoken and written by the angels themselves, according to the book of Enoch, and they used it in magical rituals. Also with philosophical intent, but without the esoteric touch, was created the toki

Pona, the «good speech», created by the linguist Sonja Elen Kisa in 2001. This language is based on the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis, that is, that of that language determines thought, which is known as linguistic determinism. Well, toki pona tries to shape the minds

Of its speakers by focusing on the good things in life. It is inspired by the philosophy of the Tao, so toki pona seeks simplicity: that is why it has only 123 root words and 14 phonemes. Coincidentally I just made a video about her.

Láadan is a feminist language invented by linguist Suzette Haden Elgin: it is designed to better express women’s points of view. His vocabulary includes new concepts such as the verb winá: “to feel grateful for no reason”. This language appears in his science fiction novel “Mother Tongue”.

Another of these experimental languages ​​is Solresol, based on musical notes, which, in addition to being spoken, can be whistled or played with a musical instrument. Since there are only seven notes, it only has seven phonemes, equivalent to letters. The advantage is that it can be written

In many different ways. On the other hand, there are auxiliary languages, which try to help in communication between nations by fostering a common language. Volapük was the first of these to achieve some degree of success: it was created by the priest Johann

Martin Schleyer at the end of the 19th century and was quite successful: more than 100,000 people came to speak it! Its grammar and vocabulary derive from the languages ​​of European origin, especially the Germanic ones. He had clubs, textbooks, and even newspapers.

But it lost popularity with the arrival of… Esperanto! The most famous of the conlangs has a simpler grammar. Its intention was to become a universal language and promote world peace. Although it has not yet succeeded, it is very successful: an estimated

10 million people have studied it today. If you want to know more about this fascinating language, go to the Linguriosa video, the link is in the description! Interlingua is also very popular and is very curious: as it derives from Latin and its descendant languages, it can be understood by practically any speaker of

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Romance languages, such as Italian, Spanish and Portuguese! Also, speakers of other languages ​​who learn interlingua learn any Romance language much more easily. Finally, there are fictional languages: in works of fantasy or science fiction it is common for there to be species and cultures that communicate with languages ​​that do not exist in reality

. Some writers go to the trouble of building these languages ​​entirely. The philologist JRR Tolkien imagined a world with elves, orcs and wizards called Arda, of which Middle-earth was a part – a kind of mythological ancestor of our

World – and began the creation of this world not with a story, but with languages. The two that he developed the most were the Elvish ones called Quenya and Sindarin. Tolkien built a story around these languages ​​and called it The Lord of the Rings. The most devoted fans

Of this saga know how to speak the elven languages. The writer Ursula K. Le Guin mentions in her Earthsea saga the true language, a language spoken by dragons and magicians in which one cannot lie and which allows reality to be transformed. More modern is the Klingon language, spoken

By this alien species from the Star Trek television series. At first it was just a few sounds and odd words, but the producers called in linguist Marc Okrand to build the Klingon. Although few speak it fluently, the language has many enthusiasts and even classic works have been translated into it. Even more recent

Is the Na’avi language created for the Avatar movies: made so that it could be spoken by the actors and at the same time not resemble any terrestrial language. DOROTEA (VIDEO) And how can I build my own language? ELENA (DRAWING) With a lot of patience and study!

Well, it’s not that bad. Follow these four simple steps as a guide: Choose a phonetic. How does your language sound? The International Phonetic Alphabet lists 107 sounds that the human mouth can make, but each language only uses a fraction of them. For example: Italian and Spanish (among others) have the sound

“ñ” (PRONUNCIATE ONLY THE SOUND, NOT THE NAME OF THE LETTER) as in “baño”, which does not exist in English. The click ǂ (LIKE THIS, PRONUNCIATE IT WITHOUT VOWELS) is present in several African languages, but not in those of European origin. Choose which consonant

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And vowel sounds are part of the inventory of your new language. Invent a vocabulary, that is, which words mean what? Which are nouns and which are verbs, conjunctions, or pronouns? For this it is a good idea to start with a set

Of root words and then modify and combine them to create new words. For example: starting from the root words gan, «to walk» and uzu, «far» the word uzgan could be formed : «to travel». You can start with a few tens up to thousands of words, write

Your dictionary! It describes a grammar, that is, a morphology and a syntax (because you already have the sounds). Morphology tells how words are structured inside and syntax defines how words are organized to form sentences. For example, in the Spanish vocabulary we have words that are nouns,

Such as «zanahoria» and «liebre»; verbs, like “eat”; articles like “la” and adjectives like “naranja”. But words put in any order do not communicate anything, so we need the grammar to give them structure: “The hare eats a carrot”. Although it has the same words, altering the order completely changes the meaning:

«The carrot eats a hare»? Invent a writing system. This is not essential: there are languages ​​that do not have forms of writing or that can be written with some existing alphabet. But it can be fun to design the symbols that represent

Speech. But first you have to define if the sounds of your language are represented individually in an alphabet, or by syllables, like Japanese. Or perhaps the system is ideographic, like the Chinese. Building a language is not only a wonderful exercise in creativity and intellect, but

Also a way to form communities and who knows! Perhaps also transform our way of thinking. And if you found the idea of ​​constructed languages ​​interesting, go watch Linguriosa’s video… Where I talk more deeply about Esperanto: the universal language. Also, very soon I’m going to post a video in which

I’m going to create my own language. Muahaha (okay, laughter is better as a caricature…) BOTH: Curiously! Many thanks to Paulo Reynaldo Calvo, who made a cameo in this video for being an Ultra curiosum level curious mind. You can also support us and appear in the credits

Like all these people and even propose topics and vote for the ones that will be covered in the next videos by joining our community with the join button or at patreon.com/curiosamente Oh, and subscribe to CuriosaMente !

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dr. Karla Lorena Sánchez Sánchez (UAM-L)