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¿Tenemos derecho a decidir dejar de vivir? La eutanasia

In 1536 the surgeon Ambroise Paré (FRENCH) entered a conquered city and found three seriously wounded soldiers. Another soldier approached him and asked if there was a chance they would survive. Ambroise replied no. The soldier then slit the throat

Of the wounded. Similar events were not and will not be the last. Are they barbaric or an act of compassion? Is it wrong or right? Do I have the right to decide to stop living? The term euthanasia or «good death» comes from ancient Greece and referred to when your

Time came in a calm and painless way. It began to be used in the medical context by Francis Bacon. He believed that extreme unction was not enough, the doctor should alleviate the pain and suffering of the dying, through medicine. But

What does it mean today? To begin to shed light on the matter, some concepts must be clarified: Euthanasia is putting an end to the life of a person who has been evicted or has no possibility of recovery. Could be; active when a lethal dose is administered or passive when artificial life support

Is withdrawn or withheld. It can be a voluntary decision, at the request of the person, or non-voluntary when that person does not have the capacity to request it, for example, when they are in a vegetative state and even involuntary: when by omission or against

Their will, life ends of a person. There is also «Assisted suicide and termination of life at one’s own request» which is a much broader term that is defined as ending one’s life at the request of a person. Involuntary euthanasia is a crime and is

Considered homicide, but the rest of the cases vary according to the conditions and implications that have been legally established. For example: In Mexico, assisted suicide and euthanasia are illegal. Whoever helps a suicide attempt will have a sentence of 1-5 years in

Prison and if the person dies, 4-12 years. Pious homicide is punishable by 2 to 5 years in prison. In 14 states there is the «Advance Directive Law» where a person of legal age and in full use of their mental faculties can suspend or reject at any

Time the treatments that prolong life and palliative care in a terminal situation. In the United States, «physician-assisted dying» is legal in only 10 states, the person must be 18 years old and terminally ill. Colombia is the only country in Latin America where

«medically assisted suicide» is allowed. The person must administer the drug under the supervision of a doctor, must have a serious and incurable injury or illness, and consider that their suffering does not allow them to have a dignified life. In Spain, «medical aid to die» is legal

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Under intolerable physical or psychological suffering, in terminal illnesses and also under chronic illness, this must be: irreversible, serious and limiting. In Belgium it is accepted in people with disabilities and mental illnesses such as depression and dementia, it is also legal in children regardless of age when there is suffering

And they are able to understand the procedure. In countries where it is legal; the request must be reiterated, autonomous, voluntary, reflective and conscious, or if it has been left in writing in the living will, and under medical supervision. Even so, there is a big

Difference; while some countries have widely accepted these practices, others are a long way off. Let’s see some of the cons and pros for which this polarization has occurred. For many, the time to leave should be something natural, without rushing the moment by

Human intervention; of course…medical and technological advances do not follow this natural cycle either, we have artificially lengthened life. We have antibiotics and vaccines to prevent succumbing to disease, surgeries to remove the appendix when it becomes inflamed which would otherwise be fatal,

Ventilators, defibrillators and drugs capable of reviving you and, if all goes well, continue to live a long life. Without medical science, the visit to San Pedro would come much sooner than we are used to. For example: in Eighteenth-Century Mexico,

Life expectancy at birth did not exceed 24 years of age, although if you exceeded adolescence, your average hope reached 41 years. Others consider euthanasia and suicide assisted a murder because in the end a life is lost, although perhaps seeing it in such a

Simplistic way is also a lack of empathy because the main reason for these procedures is to avoid pain and suffering. Dr. Stefanie Green, president of the Canadian Association of Medical Counselors and Providers of Assisted Dying in Canada, says that when a patient knows they

Have been given the option of euthanasia, they stop worrying about how they are going to start and wonder how they are going . to live. When our puppy has cancer or is so old that everything

Hurts and the vet recommends putting it to sleep, we painfully accept that it is best for it to stop suffering. Do we do it out of empathy or do we do it to avoid seeing their suffering? When a

Suffering person asks for it and is denied, we are not avoiding suffering, so isn’t it a lack of empathy? Isn’t that dehumanizing? Do we treat animals better than people? A counter position is that with adequate palliative care there is no pain and people

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Would not want to die, so instead of euthanasia it would be better for these people to have support to cover their palliative care. It is an excellent proposal that should not be left aside, however, there is psychological pain and suffering and, if this is comparable to

Physical pain, why would some have the right to decide to stop living and others not? In addition, medicine is not yet perfect and even with all the palliative care it may not be enough and it does not ensure a dignified life. And what is this dignified life? truth is

A rather relative term. Everyone decides how long their life is worth living, that’s why Professor Jacob M. Appel says that «the right to die is indicative of the freedom that exists in a society.» In some countries people without work,

Without money, without a home or without food see it as a way out. What an eye! No person with deficiencies can request assisted suicide, but it must be remembered that; Poverty aggravates and generates diseases, disabilities and disorders and these are used as an excuse to facilitate the process.

Some argue that it is a brazen way to end poverty. What should concern us is the background, this is a clear reflection of the problems that the social and economic structure has, and this decision is a desperate cry that shows us the deficiencies

And difficulties of the most vulnerable. Assisted suicide is not the problem, the problem is social differences. Is it also an easy and legal way to get rid of the elderly and disabled? During Nazi Germany the T4 program was created in which 300,000 disabled people were killed under the concept of «mercy killing»

Many times without their consent or that of their parents. The program worked under the idea that the death of any individual belongs , ultimately, to the state. This idea goes against the current concept of euthanasia and assisted suicide, which is characterized by

The right that each individual has. T4 was a disguised genocide, accepting euthanasia today does not mean that this will to happen again.Although disabled people have voiced their dismay, misdiagnoses or people who considered suicide after an accident fear that euthanasia and assisted suicide will somehow force the

Disabled and elderly to end their lives lest they be a burden on others.This is worrisome because the legalization of these practices has maintained adult suicide rates and increased the suicide rate in older adults. And it makes us see a big flaw and that is

That most of the legislation does not care about the mental status of the patient, in many cases a necessary psychiatric evaluation is not carried out and the well-being of people who request euthanasia or assisted suicide, when it should be a requirement to have psychological support that is not intended to influence people’s decisions.

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Helping someone out of life is a huge burden for doctors, and many understandably don’t want to be involved. In addition, any error in the process is classified as homicide. Even so, in a survey conducted in Chile, where euthanasia is illegal,

68.7% of doctors are in favor of euthanasia and most of them would perform it, 54.4% are in favor of assisted suicide and most of them would perform the procedure. The Catholic religion and Islam consider assisted suicide and euthanasia unacceptable and against religious teachings. For those religions

, life is a divine gift and rejecting it is a great offense. «Despair,» giving up, is considered one of the worst sins in Catholicism. Although, there is some opening to withdraw artificial life support that prolongs the life of terminal patients. Jainism,

Buddhism and Hinduism are also against it. Even so, it is curious how the decision to stop living is accepted when it comes to martyrs, suicide attacks and other types of sacrifices, such as fasting until death. We all have religious freedom, but should we accept a tortuous life? And more

Importantly, do the religious convictions of some have the right to influence the lives of people who do not share their point of view? A complicated point arises in people in a vegetative state, severe dementia or infants. Does anyone else have the right to decide over your life? In the

Netherlands it has just been accepted that children from 1 to 12 years old can be euthanized at the request of the parents if the child is suffering unbearably and the last breath is imminent, in addition to prior medical tests. The procedure is still

Illegal, simply the doctors who apply it will not be prosecuted. And in other cases , what is correct? Before judging, we should put ourselves in the situation of the person who does not have the capacity to decide. Can the state in which they find themselves be called life? And also

Of the family since it affects the mental, economic and physical health of the close people. It is a subject that we do not like to talk about, but it is necessary to do so, both with our relatives and with our rulers. Euthanasia and assisted suicide involve moral,

Ethical, and legal issues that are not to be taken lightly, but that must be resolved so that we can decide how to live and die our own lives. Curiously!

What do you think?

Written by d2jma

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